Thursday, April 29, 2010
Dream a Little Dream of Recall - Those who dream about mazes solve them better
Dream a Little Dream of Recall
As the sleeping brain builds memories it generates dreams about recently learned material
By Bruce Bower, Science News
People who have nap-time dreams about a task that they’ve just practiced get a big memory boost on the task upon awakening, Harvard researchers report.
Those who dream about anything else have no such enhanced recall, the team reports in a paper published online April 22 in Current Biology. Neither do those who stay awake, even if they think about the task.
“I was startled by this finding,” says study coauthor Robert Stickgold, a cognitive neuroscientist at Harvard Medical School. “Task-related dreams may get triggered by the sleeping brain’s attempt to consolidate challenging new information and to figure out how to use it.”
His new findings elaborate on research suggesting that sleep generally enhances memory and learning (SN: 4/28/07, p. 260).
Dreaming about a demanding undertaking doesn’t cause enhanced memories for that experience, Stickgold emphasizes. Rather, memory-fortifying brain processes during sleep cause the dreams, he proposes. During slumber, Stickgold posits, a structure called the hippocampus integrates recently learned information, such as how to navigate a virtual maze, while other brain regions apply this information to related but broader situations, such as how to navigate a maze of job application forms.
That’s a “tempting speculation,” remarks physiological psychologist Jan Born of the University of Lübeck in Germany. Stickgold’s idea has much potential for fostering advances in dream research, Born says.
Stickgold’s group focused on dreams that occur during non–rapid eye movement, or NREM, sleep. Previous studies found links between chemical and electrical activity in the brain during NREM sleep and better learning by rats and people. Neural activity sparked by recent learning has not been observed during rapid eye movement, or REM, sleep, which often includes especially vivid and bizarre dream elements.
In the new investigation, 99 college students age 18 to 30 spent an hour practicing a virtual maze task on a computer. In a series of trials, volunteers navigated through a complex, three-dimensional maze, starting from a different spot each time. They were instructed to remember the location of a particular tree in the maze.
For the first 90 minutes of a five-hour break from practicing, students were assigned either to take a nap or to engage in quiet activities such as watching videos.
Nappers’ electrical brain activity was monitored with scalp sensors. Experimenters questioned the students about their dreams just before they fell asleep, after one minute of continuous NREM sleep and at the end of the nap period. Volunteers who stayed awake recounted their thoughts at the start, middle and end of the 90-minute session.
After lunch and a period of quiet activity, participants reentered the virtual maze at random spots and were asked to find the tree that they had previously tried to remember.
Those who had dreamed of the experimental task — four of 50 nappers — found the tree much faster than they had in initial trials. These individuals described dreams such as seeing people at particular locations in a maze or hearing music that had played in the lab during testing.
All of the volunteers who dreamed about the maze had performed relatively poorly during pre-nap training, Stickgold notes. Memory processes invoked by the sleeping brain may respond most strongly to challenges perceived as difficult and important to solve, he suggests.
Stickgold’s group is now designing a more exciting maze task intended to elicit task-related dreams in a larger proportion of volunteers.
Tuesday, April 27, 2010
Slam Dunk Social Justice - Editorial Cartoon & Maze by Yonatan Frimer and RSL
Editoral Cartoon Maze in Larger and Printable Format
Can't solve the maze? Click here for the maze solution
Editorial Cartoon Maze of Obama slam dunking a globe of the world into a basketball hoop marked "Social Justice."
Visit Team Of Monkeys . com for more like these
Visit Ink Blot Mazes to check out some cool MAZE ART
Shop for Maze Art by Yonatan Frimer
Monday, April 19, 2010
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Editorial cartoons on the middle east, Obamacare and Iran
April 19, 2010 - Tel Aviv, Israel - Yonatan Frimer has released a handful of to help drum up publicity of his upcoming book. These cartoons may be published for no charge for editorial purposes.
Each of the cartoons is actually also a solvable maze, making them one of the few "interactive" forms of media that can be printed in traditional newspapers.
The cartoons can be viewed and downloaded at http://teamofmonkeys.com/press
About Team Of Monkeys
Team Of Monkeys is a cartoon created by Yonatan Frimer and RSL, two highly creative professionals that have made a living by poking fun at the ironies of society. In addition to carrying a complex message within the cartoons, each of the images is also a solvable maze, a feature that makes them ideal for reversing the declining market share of traditional newspapers. Both Frimer and RSL are based in Israel and have conflicting political views, making them able to cater to both the left, center and right political leanings.
Yonatan Frimer, Cartoonist
Sunday, April 18, 2010
Happy Illusion Maze, By Yonatan Frimer
Can't solve it? click here for the solution of the happy maze
Arrows mark the entrance and exit of the maze. Psychedelic maze of an optical illusion that appears as a happy face. Caused by the conflicting horizontal and vertical lines.
Want to check out other mazes by Yonatan Frimer, check out these links:
Ink Blot Mazes - Maze Art by Yonatan Frimer
Team Of Monkeys - Editoral Cartoon Mazes and maze cartoons by Yonatan Frimer
Buy Yonatan Frimer maze art Print-on-demand
Monday, April 5, 2010
Matza Maze by Yonatan Frimer
Matza Maze By Yonatan Frimer
For more cool mazes like this one, check out our websites:
- Ink Blot Mazes - Lots of maze art
- Team Of Monkeys - Editorial Maze Cartoons
- Buy Maze art on fine art america
Thursday, April 1, 2010
Lincoln Memorial Maze, By Yonatan Frimer
Arrows mark the entrance and exit of the maze.
Lincoln Memorial Maze
Click here to download Lincoln Memorial Maze maze in high quality
Want more mazes like this? visit:
Team Of Monkeys Maze Cartoons
Ink Blot Mazes - Maze Art
Buy Maze Art on Fine Art America
Subscribe to Posts [Atom]